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Tourism in Western Europe: A Collection of Case Histories

Tourism in Western Europe: A Collection of Case Histories

Richard Voase provides an interesting collection of case studies regarding Western European tourism development. The case studies are well organized in three thematic areas based on political, economic and socio-cultural contexts. The collection of stories communicates changes in tourism development and practices and reflects how tourism development seeks for new ways of tourism thinking. Voase concludes that tourism experiences, on the part of travelers, show signs of active decision making with passive consumption. This point prompts the reader to think that tourists choose “canned” experiences that are creatively constructed, however accessed through extensive information search and decision-making.

The case studies are authored by a variety of authors with strong local ties to the place they write about which enables extraordinary insight into issues the tourism industry faces in Europe and North America (although North America is not the focus of this book). This book can be used in a tourism development course to help students identify current issues in tourism (e.g., environmental challenges, sustainability, conservation approaches) and build upon definitions and theoretical models in tourism.

In his introduction, Voase conveys that the analysis or interpretation of the cases is based on political, economic, socio-cultural and technological environments. The analysis captures the multidimensionality of the tourism product and the cultural and social factors that relate to current ideologies, which affect how tourism evolves. Such ideologies are relating to prevalent postmodernism approaches that seem to affect those consumer behaviors, which capture experiential consumption rather than production processes of products or services.

The book consists of eleven chapters. The first four chapters are approached under the lenses of a political context analysis. The first chapter, by Meethan, presents the role of tourism marketing and public policy in the counties of Devon and Cornwall, England. Meethan concludes that for these two counties “marketing was one aspect of a wider integrated policy which aims to incorporate tourism more fully into the regional economy” and these programs would not have been possible without the funding from the European Union (EU). “The cases of Devon and Cornwall also demonstrate how new organizational forms emerge as a response to wider structural changes”.

Chapter 2, by Morpeth, focuses on the role of leisure and tourism as political instruments in Britain during the 1980s. Central and local governments used leisure and recreation policies as an extension of urban policy to balance the negative effects of unemployment and structural problems evident in England in the 1980s. Morpeth discusses the case of the city of Middlesbrough and the role of Thatcherism policies on the city, which focused on the generation of inner cities and the use of tourism as a tool for regeneration.

Chapter 3, by Voase, discusses the influence of political, economic and social change in a mature tourist destination; the Isle of Thanet in southeast England. Voase concludes that the process of policy, planning and development of tourism in a mature destination is not always straightforward. The antagonistic politics among the stakeholders involved in tourism development led to inconsistencies regarding the development of the destination. Chapter 4, by Robledo and Batle, focuses on Mallorca as a case study for replanting tourism development for a mature destination using Butler’s (1980) product life cycle concept. As a mature destination, Mallorca needs a sustainable development strategy to survive in the future. This acknowledgement led the Tourism Ministry of the Balearics Island Government to establish a tourism supply-side regulation to protect the environment. This plan however, as Robledo and Bade identified, is an interesting case of struggle between different groups (i.e., government, ecological groups, councils, hoteliers, construction industry) defending their interests in tourism development. Voase identifies these first four chapters having three common factors: the role and interplay of local tiers of government in the formulation and implementation of policy, the role of politics as a vehicle for the promotion and management of economic interests, and the powerful influence of socio-cultural factors. While these common factors are not directly evident in the presented case studies, Voase fills that gap with his writings. These common factors can stimulate further discussion as to what is the role of politics in tourism and how policy can affect researchers …

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Tips on Travelling to Australia

Tips on Travelling to Australia

When you come to Australia, seven experiences showed in the following article is which you should not miss. I promise that you will regret if you don’t go to these places when travelling to Australia.

Pass through the Daintree Rainforest

Daintree Rainforest, one of the regionswith the world’s most diverse animal and plants, is a destination which you should not be missed when travl in north Queensland. At here, you can do many things such as hiking, boating in the morning, touring by four wheels and watching crocodiles.

Having a view of Great Ocean Road with helicopter

Firstly, I promise that it is an unforgettable experience because Great Ocean Road is a local landmark. There are many places such as the 12 disciples, Grand Knapp area, Adelaide Lake Gorge and and Gibson stage which is 70 meters that can hold your breath.

Taking boat from Cairns

Like most New Yorkers look forward to Hawaii, people in Australians aspire to Queensland which is in ‘s more, it is so wonderful that see the Great Barrier Reef or the Whitsunday Islands on a luxury yacht.

Taking a gamble at Crown Casino, Melbourne

If you want to take a look at the largest casino in Australia, it is likely to make you become pauper. In addition to the common roulette and 21 points, Crown Casino is also the place for international artists to perform. At the same time, 25 restaurants and 11 bars are 24-hour opening.

Swimming in LakeMcKenzie, Fraserisland

As is known to all, fraserisland is the largest sand island in the world. There is no doubt the most amazing scenery on the island is LakeMcKenzie. The blue water like crystal and the soft sandy beaches are surrounded by dense forests. By the way, The lake is located 100 meters above sea level, and the bottom of it is a dune.

Tasting the red wine at Hunter Valley

Hunter Valley, 2 hours away from the Sydney, is the oldest wine region in Australia. It is famous as the product called semillons and there are more than 100 wineries around the Valley. The best way to find vineyard and Olive Grove in Hunter Valley is to join touring party, which you can not only enjoy wine, but also taste the wine at each vineyard.

Climbing Sydney Harbour Bridge

You can climb the Sydney Harbour Bridge to see Sydney Harbour, Sydney Opera House and all the beauty of the city.…

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Discover Tasmania, an Often Overlooked Australian Paradise

Discover Tasmania, an Often Overlooked Australian Paradise

Discover a unique wilderness bursting with adventure and exuding exclusivity with a luxury Australian holiday at Cradle Mountain Lodge. Situated at the edge of Tasmania’s World Heritage Listed Cradle Mountain Lake St. Clair National Park, guests can enjoy breathtaking views and exciting adventures. Experience sensational local food and wine, indulgent spa treatments and beautiful accommodation all in the heart of magnificent wilderness.

Accommodation at Cradle Mountain Lodge is made up of contemporary timber cabins styled with hand-made Tasmanian furnishings. For the ultimate in luxury wilderness accommodation, stay in one of the King Billy Suites. The contemporary and spacious suites consist of a separate living and sleeping area and include a double-sided wood fire, a king-sized bed and elegant bathroom with spa. After an exhilarating day exploring, guests can relax in their private outdoor hot tub before enjoying a fireside port and freshly made canap?�s.

The invigorating mountain escape boasts a range of exciting activities included fly fishing, mountain biking, tobogganing and canoeing. A highlight for many guests is exploring the stunning World Heritage listed environment at Cradle Mountain. The best way to explore this protected landscape is by a scenic walk. Activities staff at Cradle Mountain Lodge have helpfully labelled each route based on their difficulty so you can easily distinguish between a leisurely afternoon stroll and a serious hike. Either way you are sure to be inspired by the breathtaking scenery. Take the waterfalls walk and discover the cascading waterfalls and tranquil rivers that wind through this spectacular landscape. Follow the Dove Canyon Track to the Pencil Pine falls, and arrive at a popular swimming spot which promises an exhilarating swim. From the Pencil Pine falls, continue downstream to the beautiful Knyvet Falls. This walk has been labelled ‘easy’ which makes it perfect for a blissful afternoon walk. You can take a picnic hamper supplied by the lodge and enjoy scrumptious snacks as you sit by the waterfalls.

Guided tours are also available, where an experienced guide will inform you of the history of the area and the fascinating wildlife that inhabits it. The guided walks are longer and take you to the heart of this spectacular protected area. Take the Dove Lake circuit walk and explore the temperate rainforests and sub alpine plant communities surrounding Cradle Mountain. Your guide will point out unusual plant species and explain the action of past glaciers on the landscape.

Return from an exhilarating day exploring and dine at the exceptional Highland Restaurant. Recognised as one of Tasmania’s premier dining experiences, the restaurant serves freshly prepared Tasmania food and quality wine. Enjoy authentic cuisine in a beautiful setting and reminisce about the day’s adventure. For that added Australian luxury, experiment with a unique treatment at the Waldheim Alpine Spa. Choose from an extensive menu of signature treatments, many of which use Tasmanian Alpine ingredients. The spa is also home to ‘The Sanctuary’ where guests can make use of a steam room, sauna, large hot-tub and cool plunge pool. Waldheim Alpine Spa is dedicated to ensuring your relaxing and enhancing you luxury Australian experience.…

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What Glasgow Offers Culturally

What Glasgow Offers Culturally

The Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA), located right in the heart of Glasgow’s city centre, is an ideal place to start whilst visiting the city. It is one of the most popular contemporary art galleries in the whole of the UK, and you will not be disappointed by spending an hour or two taking in the magnificent exhibits displayed there.

Also whilst in the city centre, look out for one of the many Charles Rennie MacIntosh buildings dotted around. The Willow Tea Rooms on Sauchiehall Street, or the Scotland Street School Museum, are perfect examples of Charle’s extraordinary architectural elegance.

The Provands Lordship is another building, again in the city centre, that it is worth finding the time to visit. Dating back to the 1400s, this is the oldest building in the whole of Glasgow, and the beautiful medicinal garden at the back of it is an ideal spot to sit and relax for half an hour.

Those with a keen interest in history might like to take in the exhibitions on Glasgow’s social history (dating back to 1790) that can be found at the People’s Palace and Winter Gardens. After finding out how Glasgow and its people have changed over the years, you can then have some coffee and cake in the adjoined Victorian Glasshouse which looks out onto a park.

Moving on from the central area of the city, a trip to the west end is recommended. It is a pleasant walk there, and it gives you the opportunity to visit the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum, which is on the way. Amongst the wide range of interesting artifacts and pieces of art on display there is the renowned ‘Christ Of St John of the Cross’ by Salvador Dali.…

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Bhopal – The Cultural Center Of India

Bhopal – The Cultural Center Of India

Madhya Pradesh ‘The Heart of India’ is one of the largest states in the country. The state is literally located right in the middle of the country and formerly referred as Gondwana. Because of its excellent geographical settings and strategic location, it attracted several rulers such as Guptas, Patiharas and Chandelas.

The state of Madhya Pradesh comprises forty eight districts that are grouped into eight divisions such as Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Rewa, Ujjain, Sagar and Chambal. Out of these, Bhopal is the capital city of the state and home to several industries of electrical goods, jewelry and chemicals. It is the second largest city of the state after Indore and it also serves as the administrative headquarter.

The city of Bhopal was established by King Bhoj with a capital. Initially, the city was known as ‘Bhojpal’ as most of the construction work around the city was done the King Bhoj.

The city of Bhopal had been struck by the world’s worst industrial catastrophe. The disaster took place on December 2, 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant. This happed due to the leakage of methyl isocyanate gas (MIC) along with several other toxic gases from the plant. The immediate deaths calculated were around three thousand and it is estimated that around twenty five thousand people died since then.

The city of Bhopal is one of the most visited and sought after tourist destinations in Madhya Pradesh. The city is very popular among the tourists wandering from historical artifacts to the most contemporary structures. Some of the must visit places of the city includes Taj-ul Masjid, the Moti Masjid, Shukat Mahal, the Laxmi Narayan Temple and many more to add to the list.

Lakshmi Narayan Temple is one of the most popular temples of the city and it is also called as Birla Temple as it was built by Birla, the leading business family of the country. The temple was constructed in order to pay regards to Goddess Lakshmi along with the preserver of the world known as Narayan. The temple also contains the magnificent idols of a reclining Shiva with his wife Parvati.

One can also visit the Birla Museum located just in close proximity with the temple. This museum houses a range of sculptures from several cities of the state such as Raisen, Sehore, Shahdole, Mandsaur etc. It also exhibits a range of sculptures and items that dated back to the twelfth century.

Taj-ul-Masjid is considered as one of the most impressive and elegant buildings of the city. This is one of the largest mosques in India and it literally means ‘The Crown of Mosques’. The mosque consists of a main hallway with marvelous pillars, excellent marble flooring and grand courtyard. The Quibla Hall is carved with around eleven recessed arches. This landmark is considered as the most significant landmark of Bhopal.

The city also offers some of the most prominent historical and religious sites, wildlife sanctuaries and many more to enchant the visitors. The city is also known as the cultural center of India as it mesmerizes the guests with its charm and culture.…

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Explore Handicrafts of Rajasthan India

Explore Handicrafts of Rajasthan India

Rajasthan is a land of great heritage in terms of arts and crafts. The handicrafts of Rajasthan are world wide famous for their exquisite flavor. The exclusive range of Rajasthani handicrafts is admired by all. The astounding handicrafts are a must see and buy on your Rajasthan tour. At the backdrop of serene desert, is the heritage of Rajasthani handicrafts. The treasure trove of Rajasthan handicrafts is worth appreciating. Some of the beautiful handicrafts of Rajasthan include:

Jewelery

Rajasthanis are fond of adorning themselves with jewelery pieces. You will find almost every Rajasthani man and woman flaunting heavy jewelry and mostly made of silver. Each region of Rajasthan has its own style of jewelry. The tribal women also love wearing ornaments and their ornaments are very pretty. From bala to bajuband, gajra, jod, gokhru, rakhri, you will find almost every jewelry on the body of Rajasthanis. Even Rajasthani men are fond of jewelry. They love piercing their ears and so wear rings on the ears.

Paintings

Rajasthanis are dexterous in making beautiful paintings. Since ages the tradition of making paintings has been prevalent in the state. The mighty forts and palaces of Rajasthan were given a tender appearance by lovely paintings on walls, on cloths or in the form of murals. The miniature paintings of Rajasthan are very famous for their exclusivity. The varied themes and different color scheme make the paintings an affair of colors with beauty.

Metal Crafts

The tradition of metal crafts is ages old in Rajasthan. The people of Rajasthan are adept in rendering a lifelike shape to a metal piece. If you go to the state, you will find some of the best metal craft specimen that will be enameled in silver. You will have decorative items, wall hangings, jewelery boxes, show pieces, swords and shields and many more items in metal that can adorn your home.

Blue Pottery 

Blue Pottery is typical to Jaipur in Rajasthan apart form Delhi. The art that traveled all way long from Persia obtained much patronage under Maharaja Ram Singh ji who first introduced it to the state. Blue pottery is a made from ground quartz stone. It employs a special color scheme where there is abundance of blue, green and white hues. The designs of the blue pottery are also unique where you can see floral, hand made motifs, images of animals. Buy flower vase, ashtray, tiles, lamp shades, household accessories of blue pottery.

Leather Ware

In the state of Rajasthan, you will find beautiful and durable pair of jootis, mojaris. The leather craft of the state is much popular. The embroidered jootis are a hot cake in the state. The chic handbags, designer wares are much famous. 

Textiles 

The textiles of Rajasthan are much famous among the fashion freaks. The bandhini prints have been amalgamated with the contemporary fashion styles. And today what the fashion enthusiasts have is the elegant form of bandhini prints textiles. Buy sarees, odhnis, turbans, bedsheets, cushion covers, etc in beautiful tie and dye. In addition to bandhini, batik print textiles are also famous in Rajasthan. 

Carpets and Durries

Carpets and durries are a favorite among the locals and travelers to Rajasthan. The woven carpets are found in each home of the state to adorn the flooring. Visit Jaipur, Bikaner and tonk and there you have carpets in Persian style. The conventional geometric designs on the durries are found in Jaipur and Jodhpur. 

Woodcraft

The wooden artifacts of Rajasthan are another popular handicraft of the state. The exclusive range of furniture items is much popular. The modern day items of wooden crafts are stools, beds, chairs, tables, marble top table. You will also find exciting range of decorative articles.…

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Wet, Wet and Wetter

Wet, Wet and Wetter

Finally the wet season arrived in Bangkok this week. It has been an unusual twelve months weather wise. The serious floods that affected huge swathes of the country at the end of last year were the worst in Thailand for a hundred years. As I write this it’s late afternoon and the rain is absolutely hammering down. There is nothing unusual about that, but what is different this year is that instead of the rain lasting for about an hour then drying up, this season it just goes on and on. Some evenings it has started at 3 or 4 pm and has still been raining at midnight. Very un-Thai like.

When it rains in Asia it really does rain. Not for us the drizzly, grizzly, grey murky stuff of my home town Manchester, oh no! We get the full on Thor’s hammer stuff. Thunder shaking the buildings and lightning lighting up the whole city. It is magnificent, Mother Nature at her awesome best. The roads flood in minutes to about a foot deep but amazingly after the rains eases it dries up in no time at all. I am constantly amazed at the drains of Bangkok having the ability to move huge amounts of water in minutes.

A few years ago I lived on Sukhumvit Soi 33 in the heart of the City. In their wisdom the powers that be decided that the footpaths needed repairing. All well and good you may think, but that they chose to do this in the middle of the wet season caused havoc. Huge loads of sand and cement were dropped on the streets in the morning and in the afternoon when God brought the water, guess what happened? The cement leeched out of the bags and joined the sand and water, the resultant mix was washed into the drains where it promptly set, like concrete in fact! For a whole month every time the big rain came the Soi was flooded to a depth of about three feet. Now to most people this would be considered a major problem, but to Thai’s it was merely a small inconvenience. The girls threw off their sandals and waded through the water to the seven eleven. Nothing as trivial as a flood will keep a Thai girl from her food.

None of these incidents even make it on to the local news bulletins never mind the International News. One gets the impression that if this happened in the heart of London, it would preoccupy the world’s news agencies for days on end. It is not the Thai way to make a drama out of a crisis, they just accept it and get on with life as normal. Within a few weeks, the work crews managed to get the paving work done and all returned to normal. Of course the standard of workmanship was shocking and the footpaths were quickly back to the state they were in before the work commenced.

So the weather is definitely changing. Now I don’t know whether or not this is global warming beginning to announced its arrival or just a blip. But there is no question about it, this year my trainers have needed drying out more than any other year. The scientists say it is happening and the skeptics stand like King Canute and ignore the floods. Last year as the floods gripped the whole of the country, hundreds died and millions lost their homes. I just hope it is not a sign of things to come.…

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Buddhism – The Thread That Binds Leh and Thailand

Buddhism – The Thread That Binds Leh and Thailand

Leh is situated in the state of Kashmir and is one of the most beautiful places on earth. In fact, its pristine beauty has earned it the name “Moon Land”. The name is not without reason. If you have seen pictures of the moon and if you take a Leh Ladakh tour, you can notice the similarity. The large expanses of barren lands and high peaks are reminiscent of the only satellite of earth. The many lakes which are found in Leh can be related to the craters on the moon. When you compare the two pictures, the similarity is striking. People are sparse here. In fact, if you spend put up a tent on the barren expanses at the foot of the mountains, you might pass an entire day without catching sight of a single person. In short, you will not find a more serene and tranquil natural magnificent anywhere in the world.

Bangkok, on the other hand is a completely different place. In complete contrast to the barren lands of Leh and Laddakh, Thailand is a place bustling with activity, green forested expanses, swaying fertile rice fields, well developed urban metropolitan culture and lots of lovely and happening beaches. Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, is a great place for shopping and houses merchandize of every kind and international brands. The streams of Bangkok are home to the floating markets, which are a highlight of Thailand tourism. But what strikes the tourists here is the huge crowds of people who form one of the most irregular and chaotic population in the world. The traffic is haywire and people are everywhere. Despite the chaos, tourists fall in love with Bangkok because of the amazing hospitality offered by the people here. The Thais regard guests as gifts of Gods and ensure that their guests are well taken care of.

So, what can be similar between the Moon Land and a place which is a bee hive of activity? There is an aspect which is beyond the materialism of our commercial world – spirituality. The deep rooted spirituality and truths of Buddhist are what binds these two completely diverse places in a single thread. Be it Thailand tourism or a Leh Ladakh tour, you will find Buddhist monasteries scattered all over the place. A visit to these places can be very refreshing and rejuvenating. In fact, you can plan your Bangkok tour or a Leh Ladakh tour as a retreat and find immense solace by meditating in the Buddhist centers of spiritual magnanimity.

Bangkok tour is famous for visits to the Buddhist spiritual centers. In addition to visits to the Buddhist monasteries, you should plan to spend some time in the meditation centers. Meditation centers are scattered all over Thailand, with several of them being right in the capital city. When you step into the doors of these monasteries, they take you miles away from the chaotic life which exists just beyond their doors. A visit to these centers can be the best decision in your Bangkok tour. Thailand tourism is famed for these centers of spiritual realization. Leh Ladakh tour also has equally enchanting Buddhist centers, although in a slightly scaled down form. Nevertheless, the spiritual energy which you feel here is second to none.…

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Vientiane: A Capital Time Is Laos’ Number One City

Vientiane: A Capital Time Is Laos’ Number One City

Laos is a small, landlocked country sitting as it does, sandwiched in between Thailand and Vietnam. It also shares smaller borders with Myanmar, China and Cambodia. The French and more briefly the Japanese ruled Laos but it finally gained its independence in 1953. It’s population is made up of approximately 60% Lao with Mon-Khmer and hill tribe people making up the remaining 40%. Before I visited, I had long heard about the friendliness and hospitality of it’s people.

I went in order to sort my Thai visa requirements and took a bus from Bangkok on what was to prove an 11 hour overnight journey. We arrived at the Thai side of the Laos border at about 5 am and had to wait until 6 am for it to open. It seemed a little odd to my western mind, to wander about aimless for an hour whilst waiting for the security guard in his hut to simply lift a barrier. Such is life in South East Asia.

Eventually we were allowed through, but had to leave our bus and get a shuttle bus across The Friendship Bridge which spans the Mekong River between Thailand and Laos. As in Thailand traffic on the bridge drives on the left, but Laos due to its French past drives on the right and a set of traffic lights facilitates the change. On the Laos side we passed through immigration without incident and for some reason had to change into small minibuses for the next part of the journey. These drove like lunatics and in one very hairy moment we were on two wheels and very nearly turned over.

Eventually we arrived at our Hotel to the south of the city of Vientiane. We showered and decided to go straight into town to have a look round. Vientiane is the capital of Laos and has a population of three quarters of a million. It was host to the 2009 Southeast Asian Games, an achievement that gave the people of Laos great pride.

Evidence of French colonialism is everywhere and the beautiful restaurant lined square in the middle of town could easily be in a Mediterranean town in the south of France. We ate here at a different restaurant on each night of our stay, none disappointed and the atmosphere is extremely convivial. Laos feels incredibly safe and walking around my own at night I never felt threatened at all. After a few beers and good food I walked the 2 or 3 miles back to the hotel.

Vientiane is an open spaced low rise City where wide roads and small parks lend a very relaxed feel to your stay. Buddhist Temples abound and are well worth visiting. The Buddha Park is an extremely pleasant and peaceful place to spend a few hours. Many Buddhist statues and sculptures are scattered around beautiful gardens and trees.

Laos enjoys healthy tourism because of its many temples and stupas, the most famous being Pha That Luang, this golden stupa was lovingly restored in 1953. It is considered to be of great importance. Many other important sites are in evidence everywhere around the town, giving tourists many places of interest and opportunities for photography.

The Laos people are among the most friendly I have ever met and Vientiane is a very special place. I would recommend it to anyone.…

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Holidays in Estepona, Costa Del Sol, Spain

Holidays in Estepona, Costa Del Sol, Spain

Estepona began its humble origins as a fishing port and still the hauls serve the local restaurants, local people and tourists. Most tourists are attracted by the beaches but the area also has a significant cultural heritage of Roman, Moorish and Christian impression and there are ruins to be found dotted in and about the area. There are also two natural parks, which attain beauty that will surpass your original expectations.

The beaches afforded to this popular area are well cared for and carry the ‘blue flag’ status. There are three main beaches: La Rada is centrally located and is the most popular, it is very wide and backs onto the modern promenade. El Cristo is located just outside of the town and due to its location gets longer hours of sunshine. Lastly we have El Padron, this has a large car park and two beach bars. There is also a nearby complex with beach which caters for the naturist – the Costa Natura. The average annual temperatures can be as low as 7A�C in the coldest of winter to 29A�C in the warmest of summer.

There are two areas of significant beauty: Los Pedregales Park which has log cabins available for rental, leaving you free to explore the surrounding countryside. Permanent barbecue areas and picnic tables can support that ad hoc lunch. In the centre of this park, the Chapel of San Isidro lies like a pivotal point amidst this pastoral and relaxing area.

Sierra Bermeja Natural Park mountain range towers close to the sea and affords an hour’s drive to the top. Flora and fauna of astonishing beauty including the Pinsapos – a flat topped pine tree decorates the route. Once there, the panorama stretches beyond the white washed villages, across the warm blue laden sea of the Mediterranean taking in the rock of Gibraltar and the coastline of North Africa.

Restaurants and other eating establishments are in flavour with its cultural history and also fuse locally sourced food to cater for the tastes of international visitors. From snacks to banquets, from fish to ham, there is sure to be a gastronomic memory that will linger as a keepsake.

At only 20km away, Gibraltar Airport is the nearest airport to Estepona but because it is not as widely travelled to as Malaga International (70km), it could be more expensive. Transfer arrangements can be made from both airports. Car hire is the preferred option due to its ability to get to the less travelled areas. Malaga is more flexible when it comes to transfer arrangements and can provide a shuttle service as well as a taxi. When booking your flight ticket try to arrange your transfers at the same time as most of these can be pre-booked and will give you a better idea of cost and convenience.…